Treating Your Septic System with Care

Loading...

End of Watches & Warnings

» Click on a watch or warning above to view the details. Details open in a new window/tab.
»Click on any of the "Alert For:<" headings to subscribe to weather alerts for that region (via RSS Feed).

» View Warnings and Watches for all of Ontario on Environment Canada's web site

Safe, clean water is one of our most precious resources and the demand for it is constantly increasing. Conservation and protection from contamination are of prime importance in ensuring a continuing supply.

In the Town of Mono, all households and commercial and industrial developments are serviced by private septic systems. Proper treatment and disposal of domestic waste water plays a vital role in maintaining the health of our environment and this is the responsibility of each individual owner of property on a private septic system. Homeowners should be aware of their water using habits to ensure that septic systems are not overloaded. A system which is properly operated can function safely and effectively for many years, but a system which is overburdened or not properly maintained can be dangerous to health and may contaminate the surrounding natural environment.

We are providing below information on the safe use and care of the private septic system - important information which every householder should know. We are also suggesting simple and effective water conservation techniques which should help to preserve our water supply and at the same time contribute to the long-term, trouble free operation of your septic system. An added bonus could be lower water bills (for those on municipal water supply) and even a drop in electricity bills due to less hot water consumption.

Care and Maintenance of Private Septic Systems

Septic System Diagram

Septic systems dispose of sewage and rely on the soil to absorb and disperse waste water. They are designed to keep effluent underground and to filter waste water before it reaches groundwater, streams or lakes. “Sewage” can include domestic waste water from toilets, showers and bath tubs and kitchen and laundry wastes.

An on-site private sewage system (“septic system”) has two basic parts: a septic tank which receives the untreated sewage and in which solids settle out, and a leaching bed (tile bed) through which the liquid waste portion of the sewage is dispersed into the soil. The main function of the septic tank is to allow solids to settle and to let clear effluent flow to the tile bed. Biological reactions within the tank will break down some solids to liquids and gases, but the retained solids will eventually accumulate in the tank. Only clear liquid waste should be discharged from the tank to the tile bed. This liquid waste will then undergo further biological break-down and treatment.

To ensure efficient operation of the entire system, it is important that the sludge, scum and solids which can accumulate in the tank do not enter the tile field. The septic tank should be inspected by a licensed professional at least once every two years and the tank pumped out when necessary - every three or four years is suggested. To find a licensed professional, check the Yellow Pages under “Septic Tanks - Cleaning”.

Should you have any queries regarding your septic system which are not addressed in here, please contact the Dufferin County Building Department at 519-941-2362.

Important Information for the Private Sewage System User

  1. Under no circumstances should a homeowner enter a septic tank. Noxious gases which are heavier than air remain in the tank after the cover is removed, and have caused death both to the original victim and to those who attempted to rescue a person from the tank. Entry into and inspection of a septic tank should be done only by a licensed professional.

  2. Do not alter the grade over the tile bed after it has been installed and inspected. This may affect its biological operation and result in malfunctioning of the system.

  3. The septic tank should be inspected at least every two years and pumped out when necessary - every 3-4 years or when the sludge in the tank is approaching the 1/3 full mark. If more than this amount of sludge builds up, there is a chance that particles can get into the disposal field and cause blockage and system failure.

  4. Keep water usage to a minimum. The more water used, the more that must be handled by septic system drain fields. See tips on Wise Water Use.

  5. Do not use the septic tank as a disposal system. Do not allow the following to enter the system: water softener backwash, paints, solvents, grease, coffee grounds, bones, cooking fats, filter cigarette butts, disposable diapers, paper towelling, tissues, sanitary napkins, etc. White toilet paper is preferred as it breaks down faster and more completely than coloured. Organic based household cleaners are highly recommended. Moderate use of household drain solvents, cleaners, disinfectants, etc. should not interfere with the operation of the sewage disposal system; however, indiscriminate use may cause problems.

  6. Do not allow roof drains, sump pump discharge or surface runoff to drain towards the area where the tile bed is located. Water ponding upon the tile bed and saturation of soil within the tile bed reduces the overall effectiveness of the system by reducing its ability to dispose of liquid wastes.

  7. Vehicular traffic (including snowmobiles) should not be allowed over the tile bed as this may cause soil compaction and damage to the distribution pipe. In the winter, if snowmobile traffic is allowed to run over the tile bed, this can cause compaction of the snow and increase the depth of freezing, which has negative effects on the tile bed.

  8. There should be no need to use “starters”, “bacterial feeds” or “cleaners” in the tank. None of the compounds presently available have been proven in independent studies to be of any long-term benefit in the operation of a sewage system.

  9. The tile bed area should have an adequate cover of grass, good ventilation (sand or gravel) and adequate sunlight. It is important not to add excessive amounts of soil to the tile bed as this may prevent evapotranspiration. Objects such as patios, sundecks, swimming pools and tool sheds should not be located within 15 feet of the tile bed. Trees or shrubs should not be planted within 10 feet of this area and you should avoid planting shallow-rooting trees such as willows and cedars near the tank or tile bed.

Further Reading

Check Your Waste Collection Schedule

COMMITMENT

Declaration of Commitment

Council Resolution: We will allocate the necessary resources to develop and implement a strategic energy management plan that will reduce our energy consumption and its related environmental impact.

Vision

We exercise stewardship in our use of finite energy resources to demonstrate leadership, optimize our delivery of services, and enhance the overall quality of life in our community.

Policy

We will incorporate energy efficiency into all areas of our activity including our organizational and human resources management procedures, procurement practices, financial management and investment decisions, and facility operations and maintenance.

Goals

To continuously improve the energy efficiency of our facilities and processes in order to reduce our operating costs, our energy consumption and the concomitant greenhouse gas emissions.

Overall Target

We will reduce our consumption of fuels and electricity in all municipal operations each year between now and 2020.

Objectives

  1. To implement energy audits on all municipal facilities during the next five years;
  2. To convert all lighting in town facilities, parking lots and street lighting to LED. This conversion began in 2012 with the Municipal Office Building.

Return to top of page

ORGANIZATIONAL UNDERSTANDING

Municipal Energy Needs

We need reliable, low-cost, sustainable energy sources delivering energy to the most efficient facilities and energy-consuming technology feasible.

Stakeholder Needs

Internal stakeholders (Council, CAO, staff) need to be able to clearly communicate the corporate commitment to energy efficiency, and to develop the skills and knowledge required to implement energy management practices and measures. External stakeholders (the Province, community citizens and groups) need the municipality to be accountable for energy performance and to minimize the energy component of the costs of municipal services.

Municipal Energy Situation

Our assessment of organizational capacity for energy management with respect to energy policy; organizational structure; employee awareness, skills and knowledge; energy information management; communications; and investment practices indicates the following: The Town of Mono has pursued many measures to improve the energy efficiency of municipal equipment. Some of these measures include: Interior and exterior lighting upgrades at The town offices and Monora Park Pavillion Proposal to Council for conversion to LED street lighting Approved FIT project for solar photovoltaic applications at Town facilities. As the understanding of corporate energy consumption improves, staff will be equipped with the knowledge necessary to make informed decisions. This improved understanding will also reveal how simple actions like commissioning and maintenance procedures can improve existing equipment efficiency.

How We Manage Energy Today

The management of energy consumption and the energy performance of our facilities and equipment are the responsibilities of: Finance (cost management), Works Department (maintenance), Department managers (operations), and the CAO for leadership.

Summary of Current Energy Consumption, Cost and GHGs

Summaries of energy consumption and greenhouse gas may be found in appendices to this plan.

Trends in Energy Consumption

Our energy consumption decreased due to efficiency created by upgrading our buildings with spray foam insulation, high efficiency furnaces and LED lighting retrofits. This trend will continue with additional upgrades and retrofits.

Summary of Current Technical Practices

Our assessment of operations and maintenance practices, facility and equipment condition, and energy performance indicators establishes the following priorities:

  1. Development of standard operating procedures incorporating energy efficiency optimization,
  2. Enhancement of preventative maintenance procedures,
  3. Continuation of our retrofit of lighting system in Mono Centre Community Centre in 2015,
  4. Implementation of the LED Street lighting conversion in 2014.

Renewable Energy Utilized or Planned

The Town of Mono aspires to show leadership in the promotion and development of renewable energy systems that are compatible with our asset management and land use planning objectives. As a result, we have applied for and received approval to develop a solar photovoltaic system on the rooftop of the municipal garage/shop building, subject to capacity of the adjoining street hydro system to take the resultant additional current. The town will consider possibilities for additional roof top installations on municipal buildings.

Return to top of page

STRATEGIC PLANNING

Links with other municipal plans

As an integral component of the management structure, the energy management plan is coordinated with the municipality's budget planning process, preventative maintenance plans, environmental management plan, and the overall asset management plan.

Return to top of page

STRUCTURE PLANNING

Staffing requirements and duties

We will incorporate energy efficiency into standard operating procedures and the knowledge requirements for operational jobs.

Consideration of energy efficiency for all projects

We will incorporate life cycle cost analysis into the design procedures for all capital projects.

Return to top of page

RESOURCES PLANNING

Energy Leader

We will clearly designate leadership and overall responsibility for corporate energy management.

Return to top of page

PROCUREMENT PLANNING

Consideration of energy efficiency for all projects

We will incorporate life cycle cost analysis into the design procedures for all capital projects.

Consideration of energy efficiency of acquired equipment

Our purchasing procedures will be modified as required to incorporate energy efficiency into the criteria for selection of materials and equipment.

Return to top of page

IMPLEMENTATION PLANNING

Building Standards

We will develop criteria for the design and/or acquisition of new buildings that include energy performance factors and that use as appropriate the principles embedded in performance standards such as LEED and the Model National Energy Code for Buildings.

Business Procedures

We will carry out a comprehensive review of all business processes and modify them as necessary in order to incorporate energy efficiency considerations.

Return to top of page

PROJECTS EXECUTION

Municipal Level

We will carry out the required development of business procedures and communication programs and implement them methodically according to the planned time lines within the resources constraints that apply.

Asset Level

We use department and facility energy team representatives to facilitate the implementation of facility level business procedures and communication initiatives, including energy performance reporting.

Return to top of page

REVIEW

Municipal Energy Plan Review

We will review and evaluate our energy plan, revising and updating it as necessary, on an annual basis within our corporate planning process.

Discussion of Progress

We will correlate our progress towards corporate goals and objectives, and update those goals and objectives accordingly.

Return to top of page

EVALUATION PROGRESS

Energy Consumption

Overall Target: We will reduce our overall municipal energy consumption (from all facilities and streetlights) by 5% from 2014 (based on baseline data) to 2019. The baseline was determined by averaging the annual consumption in ekWh for 2011 and 2012 for all facilities reported under Regulation 397/11 plus streetlights as they are such a significant energy consumer.

Green House Gas Emission

Governments at all levels are moving to address emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), in light of scientific evidence on how human activities are affecting the world's climate. For more information on the science, see http://www.ipcc.ch/. The combustion of fossil fuels in buildings is a major source of GHG emissions that fall under local government influence. Municipalities can lower emissions by improving energy efficiency of buildings and using more renewable energy. The Town of Mono is committed to both objectives through the development and implementation of this Energy Conservation and Demand Management Plan (CDM). We will continue to track and report on GHGs as part of our regular reporting on energy consumption and will evaluate progress in this area against our overall reduction target.

Cost

Summary of Current Energy Consumption, Cost and GHGs: The current energy usage by building is detailed in Appendix A. Our energy usage is updated monthly in the Energy Planning Tool (EPT) and reported annually to the Ministry of Energy.

Energy Consumption: We will review and evaluate our energy plan, revising and updating it as necessary, on an annual basis as based on the Energy Consumption Reports that are submitted to the Ministry of Energy on an annual basis as required under Regulation 397/11.

Return to top of page

APPENDICES

Appendix A – Projects

Description

Facility

Contact

Start

End

Status

Cost

Save (ekWh/yr)

Save ($)

ROI


LED Office Lighting

 

Municipal Office Building

Mike Dunmore, Director of Public Works

2013-01-01

2013-05-15

Complete [100%]

23400

21220

3183

7


Details




 


LED lighting for the Municipal Office Building.

LED Streetlight

Town of Mono Streetlights

Mike Dunmore, Director of Public Works

2014-07-01

2014-12-31

Complete [100%]

314000

153686

40000

7

Details

Retrofit streetlights from HID to LED technology

 

LED Lighting Upgrade

Monora Park Pavillion

Kim Perryman, Director of Recreation 

2014-01-02

2017-11-15

Complete [100%]

19485

26457

3969

4

Details

Convert lighting fixtures to LED.

 

LED Lighting Upgrade

Mono Community Centre

Kim Perryman, Director of Recreation

2015-01-02

2017-07-03

Complete [100%]

27930

32107

4816

5

Details

Convert lighting fixtures to LED.

 

LED Lighting Upgrade

Public Works Shop Mike Dunmore, Director of Public Works 2013-08-05 2014-07-31 Complete [100%] 27500 27736 8000 3


Details



 


LED lighting upgrade for the Public Works Shop. 

Reinsulate office roof with spray foam


 

Municipal Office Building

Mike Dunmore, Director of Public Works

2013-05-01

2013-12-31

Complete [100%]

21000

77225

5745

4

Details

 

Reinsulate the Municipal Office Building with spray foam.

Retrofit parking lot lighting to LED.

Monora Park Pavillion

Kim Perryman, Director of Recreation

2014-07-02

2014-12-31

Pending [25%]

3200

2896

1248

2

Details

Retrofit parking lot lighting to LED

 

Retrofit parking lot lighting to LED

Mono Community Centre

Kim Perryman, Director of Recreation

2014-07-02

2014-12-31

Pending [0%]

4500

4344

1872

2

Details

Retrofit parking lot lighting to LED

 

Install Solar Photo-voltaic Panels

Public Works Shop

Mike Dunmore, Director of Public Works

2014-07-02

2015-06-30

Complete [100%]

380000

0

0

0

Details

 

Install a 100 kw solar photo-voltaic panel system on the shop roof.

Return to top of page

Water Rates
  2016 2017 2018
  $5.00 flat rate per month
1-350 $2.03 $2.07 $2.11
351-500 $2.38 $2.43 $2.48
501-650 $2.58 $2.63 $2.68
651-800 $2.74 $2.79 $2.85
801-1,000 $2.91 $2.97 $3.03
1,001 & up $3.07 $3.13 $3.19

Director of Planning

David Trotman
519.941.3599, 230
Planning@townofmono.com

Mark Early

Chief Administrative Officer and Clerk
519.941.3599, 226
ClerksOffice@townofmono.com


Police Services Board
Provincial Appointee Don Sinclair
Council Representative John Creelman, Deputy Mayor
Secretary Cheyanne Hancock
Citizen Representative Mike Walker (Chair)

Mono Community Policing Committee

The Mono Community Policing Committee is run by volunteers who live and/or work in the Town of Mono and meets bimonthly to allow for feedback from committee members, individual residents, and the OPP Community Policing Officer. The committee also operates the Neighbourhood Watch program.

» Mono Community Policing website
» Mono Community Policing Facebook page

Fire Department Office Phone No.
Caledon Fire Department
(Mono Mills)
6000 Highway 9, Caledon
(905) 584-2272
Orangeville Fire Department
10 Dawson, Orangeville
(519) 941-3083
Rosemont District Fire Department 955716 7th Line, Rosemont (705) 435-3417
Shelburne District Fire Department 114 O'Flynn Street, Shelburne (519) 925-5111

Fire Protection Zones

» Fire Area Map (opens in new tab/window)

Use the above link to open a map where you can search by street address to determine which Fire Area you live in.

Call the Town Office at (519) 941-3599 if you are unsure which fire department serves your property.

Shelburne Fire Station

114 O'Flynn Street
Shelburne, ON L9V 2W9
519.925.5111
» Map

Rosemont District Fire Department

955716 7 Line EHS
Mono, ON L9V 1C8
705.435.3417
» Map

Orangeville Fire Department

10 Dawson Road
Orangeville, ON L9W 2W2
519.941.3083
» Map

Caledon Fire Station 8

6000 Hwy 9
Caledon, ON L9W 2Z2
905.584.2272
» Map

Fire Services

Properties in the Town of Mono are served by one of four fire departments.

»Go there now

Police Services

The Town of Mono is served by the Dufferin Detachment of the Ontario Provincial Police.

»Police Services
Item Fee More Info
Bingo Lottery Licence 3% of prize value » See AGCO Charitable Gaming website
Civic Marriage Ceremonies $250  
Community Centres $81 - $998 » See the Banquet Facilities for details about the town's two community centres.
» Rental Rates Information
Development Charges Residential: $10,311.93
Non-residential: $4.06 per square foot
» See Planning
Dog Tags Spayed/neutered
1st Dog: $15
2nd Dog: $30
3rd Dog: $40

Not Spayed/neutered
1st Dog: $20
2nd Dog: $40
3rd Dog: $40
Required annually. Animal control, including dog tags, is handled by the Orangeville branch of the OSPCA.
Ontario SPCA
Orangeville & District Branch
650 Riddle Road
Orangeville, ON L9W 5G5
» Dog license application
Dog tags can be purchased at any of the following locations:
Entrance Permit Residential: $100 + $300 deposit.
Commercial: $200 + $300 deposit
Deposits refunded upon completion of entrance in compliance with Town standards

» See Roads Department for more info.
Fire Permit No Charge Required annually.

» See Fire Bylaw for further details
» Fire Permit Application
Green Bins Replacements:
No charge
Additional bins:
$15 - curbside bin
$5 - kitchen catcher
You must return your broken bin to receive a free replacement. There is no charge to new residents for first set of bins

» See Waste Management for more info.
Lottery Licence See Bingo lottery licences above or contact the Town office at 519.941.3599 
Planning Department Minor Variance Application:
$250
Severance Application:
$500
Official Plan amendment:
Variable
Zoning compliance:
$75
Municipal Approval:
$60
» See Planning for more info.
Tax Certificate $80  
Tax Arrears 1 ¼% per month or part thereof. » See Treasury & Taxes for more info.
Water Compliance Letter $20  
Water meter final reading $20 Included in final billing

Director of Planning

David Trotman 
519.941.3599, 230
Planning@townofmono.com

Planning Assistant

Judy Kohne AMCT
519.941.3599, 224
judy.kohne@townofmono.com

347209 Mono Centre Road | Mono, ON L9W 6S3
Phone: (519) 941-3599 | Fax: (519) 941-9490  
Email: info@townofmono.com