Source Water Protection
Source water is any untreated water found in rivers, lakes and underground aquifers which is used for the supply of raw water for drinking water systems. Source water protection is the action taken to protect that raw source of municipal drinking water from overuse and pollution.
Wellhead Protection Areas (click to enlarge)
Municipalities are responsible for the regulation of activities that may pose a risk of contaminating drinking water sources (drinking water threats) on a site-specific basis. Source Water Protection Plan policies generally apply to activities located within surface water Wellhead Protection Areas (also known as vulnerable areas).
The Town of Mono has been a leader in the protection of groundwater resources. The Town held two successful conferences in the 1990's devoted to groundwater protection policies, Headwaters I: There's Always Someone Downstream and Headwaters II: No More Flush and Forget.
Source Water Protection Plan
In 2006 the Province passed the Clean Water Act, 2006: legislation designed to help communities protect the sources of their drinking water. The Act requires municipalities, businesses and residents, working together, to implement local Source Protection Plans. The Town of Mono is governed by two Source Protection Plans, approved under the Clean Water Act, 2006. The policies in the two Source Protection Plans outline how sources of drinking water will be protected.
Residents, Landowners and Farmers
There are many simple things one can do to protect drinking water sources, including:
- Maintaining septic systems;
- Disposing of hazardous waste properly;
- Minimizing the use of pesticides, fertilizers and de-icing salt; and/or,
- Storing fuels properly.
Farmers can also protect groundwater sources by:
- Controlling field and stream bank erosion;
- Using safe storage and handling systems for manure;
- Creating a nutrient management plan; and/or,
- Controlling barnyard runoff and diverting clean water.
To meet the requirements of the Ontario Building Code, the County of Dufferin's Building Department may conduct inspections of septic systems in certain areas. If your septic system is not functioning properly and you are located within a Wellhead Protection Area, you may be required to rectify the issue.
All septic systems within the Wellhead Protection Areas were inspected in 2015 at which time no concerns were identified.
Businesses also have roles and responsibilities to protect our environment and help preserve the quality of our drinking water. If your business is within a Wellhead Protection Area, there may be policies in the Source Protection Plan that apply to you.
Businesses may be required to complete a Risk Management Plan before they begin a land development project that could impact the groundwater. Existing businesses may also be required to do so if their activities pose a threat to groundwater. For further information, please contact the Town of Mono Risk Management Official.
The Way Forward
Source Water Protection Signs
Source water protection signs will be erected throughout our Wellhead Protection Areas to enhance public awareness pertaining to our drinking water. These signs physically identify the most vulnerable zones within a wellhead protection area, and are part of a larger education and outreach strategy in accordance with the Source Protection Plans.
Official Plan and Zoning By-law Updates
Planning Staff are working with Dufferin County and the Province to update our current groundwater protection policies and incorporate the policies of the Source Water Plans into our respective Official Plan and Zoning By-law. The purpose of these updates is to ensure that the Town conforms with Ontario’s Clean Water Act, 2006, and the ongoing safety and protection of our drinking water.
Town of Mono Municipal Office
- 347209 Mono Centre Road
- Mono, ON L9W 6S3
- » Map
Risk Management Official
- Ryan Post
- Lead Hydrogeologist, Nottawasaga Valley Conservation Authority
- 705.424.1479, 249 | firstname.lastname@example.org
Wellhead Protection Areas | Conservation Ontario
Drinking Water | Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change
Source Water Protection | Conservation Ontario
Know Your Drinking Water! | Conservation Ontario
Treating Your Septic System with Care | Town of Mono
Smart Septic | Ministry of Agriculture, Food & Rural Affairs
Water Conservation Videos
- Presentation given by Tim Brook, P.Eng, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
- Presentation given by James Dyck, P.Eng, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs,Vineland, Ontario, Canada
- Presentation given by Patricia Murakami
- Presentation given by Gary Murakami
- Presentation given by Terry Woloszyn
- Presentation given by Felicite Morgan
- Transcription of questions asked by members of the public gallery
- Natural Heritage AtlasAn interactive history of the natural heritage and geology in Mono. A user guide for this Atlas is available at
Atlas User Guide
Natural Heritage Planning MapThe Natural Heritage System Planning Map includes parcels, draft natural heritage system layers, and municipal boundaries. A user guide for this Planning Map is available at Heritage System Planning App User Guide
- Statutory Notice of Public Meeting: Official Plan Amendment 41 | July 24, 2018
- Notice of Adoption OPA 41 | Last Day for Filing a Notice of Appeal is August 15, 2018
- Final Official Plan Amendment (OPA) 41 Part A, B, C | July 24, 2018
- Final Official Plan Amendment, Consolidated Text (OPA 41 Part B) | July 24, 2018
- Notice of Complete Application OPA 41 | August 15, 2017
- Comments on Draft OPA 41
- NVCA/CVC/TRCA Comments | October 31, 2017
- County of Dufferin Comments | September 29, 2017
- MMAH/MNRF/OMAFRA/MOECC -(One Window) Comments | May 18, 2018
- Natural Heritage Committee Report to Council | July 25, 2017
- Official Plan Amendment (OPA) 41 Part A, B, C | August 3, 2017
- Official Plan Amendment Consolidated Text (OPA 41 Part B)
Official Plan Schedule Maps
- Schedule H1- Natural Heritage System
- Schedule H2- Natural Heritage System with Designations
- Schedule H3 - Surface Water Features
- Schedule H4 - Wetlands
- Schedule H5 - Significant Woodlands
- Schedule H6 - Areas of Natural & Scientific Interest
- Schedule H7 - Significant Valleylands
- Schedule H8 - Natural Heritage Areas
- Schedule A to OP41 - Natural Heritage System
Front Desk Access
A Town of Mono Natural Heritage binder is located at the Town of Mono Municipal Office front desk, containing the draft Natural Heritage Atlas mapping, policies and methods, for review and comment. Additional copies of binder materials may be requested at the front desk.
All comments, additions or deletions would be gratefully appreciated. Please send by email to the Planning Department or leave written materials at the Town of Mono Municipal front desk. Thank you.