Climate change is defined as the long-term shift in weather conditions which is measured by indicators such as changes in temperature, rainfall, snow cover, wind, and more. Climate change can be caused by natural events/processes and by human activities. Following the Industrial Revolution, the influence humans have had on the environment has increased significantly. This includes the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas which account for a majority of human emissions of carbon dioxide. These fossil fuels are used for transportation, heating, cooling, manufacturing, and other uses. In addition, emissions of carbon dioxide also come from land use activities including agriculture, and the clearing of forests.
What are Greenhouse Gases (GHG’s)?
Greenhouse gases refers to the gases in the atmosphere that absorb heat radiated from the earth. These gases act like a blanket reducing heat loss – This can be compared to glass for plant/garden greenhouses as the glass keeps the air warm inside.
What is the greenhouse effect?
The greenhouse gas effect explains the way that the earths atmosphere insulates the planet from heat loss. The atmosphere is largely transparent to sunlight, there it allows for a lot of sunlight to pass through to heat the planet. However, small concentrations of “greenhouse gases” in the atmosphere absorb much of the outgoing heat energy radiated by the earth itself and return much of this energy back towards the surface. This process keeps the surface much warmer than if the greenhouse gases were absent.
What is the difference between climate change and global warming?
Climate change describes a long-term shift in weather conditions, such as temperature, precipitation, winds and more. Global warming refers specifically to the increase in the global average surface temperature.
What are the impacts of Climate Change?
One of the main impacts of climate change is more frequent, long lasting, or intense weather events and natural disasters. This includes an increase in events such as floods, heatwaves, droughts, wildfires and more. Climate change also impacts our water resources, in particular the quantity of water. In Canada, there is concern that our water resources will be under increased pressure and they may become seasonally scarce as a result of changes in water supply (i.e., changes in precipitation levels, snow and glacier melt), increasing evapotranspiration with warmer temperatures, and increasing demands from a range of activities. The well-being and health of humans can also be negatively impacted by climate change as increased smog and heat waves can result in temperature related illnesses and death. Our changing climate also negatively affects animals as warmer temperatures have made it difficult for certain species to find suitable habitats.
Source: www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/climate-change/frequently-asked-questions.html (this link is no longer available. Similar information can be found by going to: https://climate.weather.gc.ca/FAQ_e.html)
Home energy efficiency is all about achieving the same or a higher level of comfort in your house, while using less energy and saving money on increasing energy costs. Any house can become more energy efficient regardless of when the house was constructed. Consider making some of the following upgrades or changes in your house to improve the efficiency:
Flooding is a common natural disaster that occurs in Canada and due to our changing climate, the risk of flooding is increasing. Residents should be aware of the risks and take steps to be prepared in case their property is impacted. Flooding can occur anytime of the year and is often the result of heavy rainfall and the rapid melting of snow. Flash flooding can also happen during hurricanes or violent storms.
For additional information on what to do before, during and after a flood, please see the Government of Canada's "Get Prepared" website at: https://www.getprepared.gc.ca/cnt/hzd/flds-en.aspx
It is now easier to go electric with the installation of the Charge Up in Dufferin network. The electric vehicle (EV) charging network is made up of 22 level-two charging stations and two level-three fast chargers that are located at various municipal offices, and recreation and cultural centres. The installation of the Charge Up in Dufferin network was led by the County of Dufferin, in partnership with local municipalities including East Garafraxa, Grand Valley, Melancthon, Mono, Mulmur, Orangeville and Shelburne.
The type of electric vehicle charging station at Mono's Town Hall is a level 2 public charging station. Charging your vehicle at one of these stations for one hour will giving your vehicle an approximate driving range of 30 kilometres.
Don't forget to share the station and move your vehicle once it is fully charged. This avoids a continued per hour fee.
There are many landscaping and gardening practices that residents can adopt which will allow for the creation of habitats for wildlife, birds and butterflies as well as contribute to creating a healthy environment for our community.
A rain garden is a landscaped feature that will replace an area of your lawn which allows for the collection of stormwater (rain and melted snow) run off from your grass, roof and driveway. This shallow depression has loose, deep soil that absorbs and naturally filters the runoff, preventing it from entering the storm drain system and, eventually, our waterways.
When building a rain garden, there are four elements required:
By creating a rain garden, you will help the natural water cycle while protecting our local rivers, fish and drinking water sources. There are many additional benefits for rain gardens including:
For more information, please refer to the TRCA’s guide for building and maintaining a rain garden: trca.ca/news/complete-guide-building-maintaining-rain-garden/
Check out the Credit Valley Conservation Authority rain garden factsheet: cvc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Rain-Gardens1.pdf
In 1999, the Mono Forests Committee introduced a tree distribution program with the goal of providing residents with a convenient source for trees/seedlings at a reasonable price. This program continues to be organized by the Town every year and it offers a variety of tree/shrub species to residents which are suited for general reforestation and wildlife habitats. The program typically opens for orders in early December and is advertised through the Town’s different platforms including social media, Town website and newsletter.
Since the program started, the Town has supplied approximately 245,000 seedlings/trees. Help us reach our goal of supplying 300,000 seedlings/trees by 2030!
The Climate Change Team is happy to announce that all orders for the 2024 Tree/Seedling Program will receive a Council approved subsidy. By providing a discount, our goal is that this program will become more equitable and financially accessible for all residents while also supporting our environment through the planting of new trees in our community.
Please visit our Tree Shop below for more information and to place an order for trees and seedlings (tree shop orders open on December 1, 2023).