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Our Commitment to Climate Action

Winter sunset through trees
Tree canopy as seen from the Shelly Anderson Trail in Mono
Stone bench at Mono's Pollinator Garden

Our Local Environment

The Town of Mono is a predominantly rural community in both geography and character and our vision is to be a safe, sustainable municipality where our economy, environment, equity, community, and natural heritage can flourish in harmony. Mono is known for its spectacular landscapes including the rolling hills and streams/creeks which form the headwaters of three rivers: the Humber and Credit that flow to Lake Ontario and the Nottawasaga that bends north to Georgian Bay.

The Town is committed to preserving the natural heritage bequeathed to us by earlier generations and has established an over-riding goal of ensuring that our local environment and rural character are protected which is entrenched in our policies.

Bench on the Bruce Trail in the Shelly Anderson Tract in Mono, Ontario.
2022 Winter Storm in Mono
Town of Mono Winter Storm, 2022

Climate Action in Mono —Community Climate Action Plan

Our climate is changing at a concerning rate and future projections reveal that our community may experience more days with extreme heat and ice resulting in an increased demand in energy use and potential damages to infrastructure. In 2017, the Town of Mono joined the Partners for Climate Protection (PCP) program which is a national network of more than 500 municipalities committed to climate action. This program involves a five-step milestone framework to support the reduction of greenhouses gases (GHG). The Mono Community Climate Action Plan completing Milestone 3 of the framework details a path to reaching our climate goals while also achieving the many benefits of climate action.

Get Involved

Resources for Residents

Understanding Climate Change

Climate change is defined as the long-term shift in weather conditions which is measured by indicators such as changes in temperature, rainfall, snow cover, wind, and more. Climate change can be caused by natural events/processes and by human activities. Following the Industrial Revolution, the influence humans have had on the environment has increased significantly. This includes the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas which account for a majority of human emissions of carbon dioxide. These fossil fuels are used for transportation, heating, cooling, manufacturing, and other uses. In addition, emissions of carbon dioxide also come from land use activities including agriculture, and the clearing of forests.

Frequently Asked Questions:

What are Greenhouse Gases (GHG’s)?

Greenhouse gases refers to the gases in the atmosphere that absorb heat radiated from the earth. These gases act like a blanket reducing heat loss – This can be compared to glass for plant/garden greenhouses as the glass keeps the air warm inside.

What is the greenhouse effect?

The greenhouse gas effect explains the way that the earths atmosphere insulates the planet from heat loss. The atmosphere is largely transparent to sunlight, there it allows for a lot of sunlight to pass through to heat the planet. However, small concentrations of “greenhouse gases” in the atmosphere absorb much of the outgoing heat energy radiated by the earth itself and return much of this energy back towards the surface. This process keeps the surface much warmer than if the greenhouse gases were absent.

What is the difference between climate change and global warming?

Climate change describes a long-term shift in weather conditions, such as temperature, precipitation, winds and more. Global warming refers specifically to the increase in the global average surface temperature.

What are the impacts of Climate Change?

One of the main impacts of climate change is more frequent, long lasting, or intense weather events and natural disasters. This includes an increase in events such as floods, heatwaves, droughts, wildfires and more. Climate change also impacts our water resources, in particular the quantity of water. In Canada, there is concern that our water resources will be under increased pressure and they may become seasonally scarce as a result of changes in water supply (i.e., changes in precipitation levels, snow and glacier melt), increasing evapotranspiration with warmer temperatures, and increasing demands from a range of activities. The well-being and health of humans can also be negatively impacted by climate change as increased smog and heat waves can result in temperature related illnesses and death. Our changing climate also negatively affects animals as warmer temperatures have made it difficult for certain species to find suitable habitats.

Source: www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/climate-change/frequently-asked-questions.html (this link is no longer available. Similar information can be found by going to: https://climate.weather.gc.ca/FAQ_e.html)

Man replacing windows in home

Home Efficiency

Home energy efficiency is all about achieving the same or a higher level of comfort in your house, while using less energy and saving money on increasing energy costs. Any house can become more energy efficient regardless of when the house was constructed. Consider making some of the following upgrades or changes in your house to improve the efficiency:

  • Add insulation in basement, crawl space or attic
  • Consider upgrading to energy efficient windows and appliances
  • Upgrade light bulbs to LED
  • Upgrade heating and cooling systems
  • Seal air leaks for an air-tight home
  • Install and set programmable thermostats
  • Consider a heat pump
  • Use ceiling fans
  • Unplug appliances or devices when they are not in use
Smart thermostat

Benefits of making your home energy efficient:

  • Reductions in energy bills
  • Increase in the value of your home
  • Reduced environmental impact
  • A well-insulated, air sealed and ventilated house will reduce the amount of dust and risk of mold.
Power cord out of outlet

More Information & Resources:

  • Save on Energy Program: https://www.saveonenergy.ca/For-Your-Home/Energy-Affordability-Program
    The Energy Affordability Program provides support to income eligible electricity consumers by helping them to better manage their monthly electricity costs and to increase their home comfort.
  • Home Efficiency Rebate – Enbridge: https://www.enbridgegas.com/residential/rebates-energy-conservation/home-efficiency-rebate
    The Home Efficiency Rebate can help lower your energy costs and make it more comfortable year-round. Get up to $5,000 in rebates for insulation, air sealing, new windows/doors, water heaters, boilers, furnaces and home energy assessments. Before you start any renovation work, you must complete a home energy assessment. A registered energy advisor will look at how your home uses energy and tell you which upgrades will help you save - and how they work together. If you complete at least two of the recommended upgrades, you’ll get money back.

Flooded road in Mono
Mono 100 Year Rain Event, June 2017 — 3rd Line EHS (Bridge 13)

Flood Protection

Flooding is a common natural disaster that occurs in Canada and due to our changing climate, the risk of flooding is increasing. Residents should be aware of the risks and take steps to be prepared in case their property is impacted. Flooding can occur anytime of the year and is often the result of heavy rainfall and the rapid melting of snow. Flash flooding can also happen during hurricanes or violent storms.

Prepare your home & property:

  • Ensure downspouts are installed at an appropriate distance to ensure that water will drain away from your residence.
  • Consider installing a sump pump and zero reverse flow valves in basement floor drains.
  • Store valuables and important documents on the upper levels of your house to protect them in the event of a flood.
  • For livestock farms, animal’s instinct will normally be to move away from flood waters to higher ground. When purchasing or designing your livestock operation, it is important to allow livestock a way to reach high ground in each pasture.
  • Consult your electricity and fuel suppliers (oil, natural gas, propane) for instructions on how to safely shut off and protect equipment including the steps for restarting equipment following a flood.
  • Create an Emergency Plan & Kit:

In the event of a flood:

  • Stay informed by listening to warnings and advisories on television, radio or media websites and follow the instructions of emergency response officials such as police, fire and municipal staff.
  • If you have a generator and/or portable pump, test them and have fuel on hand.
  • Ensure that your sump pump is working properly.
  • Vacate your home when you are advised to do so by local emergency authorities and follow the routes specified by officials. Never cross a flooded area as the water may be deeper than it appears, and you could get stuck or swept away by fast moving water.
  • Ensure your family pets are not left alone during a flood.
Mono 100 Year Rain Event, June 2017 - 308053 Hockley Road (Nottawasaga River)
Mono 100 Year Rain Event, June 2017 — 308053 Hockley Road (Nottawasaga River)

Following a flood:

  • Do not return to your property until authorities have advised that it is safe to do so.
  • Exercise caution when re-entering your home. If the main power switch was not turned off prior to flooding, do not re-enter your home until a qualified electrician has determined it is safe to do so.
  • If your main electrical panel was under water, it must be cleaned, dried and tested by a qualified electrician to determine if it is safe. Do not use flooded appliances, electrical outlets, switch boxes or fuse breaker panels until they have been checked by the power company.
  • Make sure the building is structurally safe - Look for broken glass, dangerous debris and buckled walls or floors.
  • If your house has been flooded and you have a well, do not drink the water until it has been tested first.  
  • Consult your insurer about steps to take if your property is flooded.

For additional information on what to do before, during and after a flood, please see the Government of Canada's "Get Prepared" website at: https://www.getprepared.gc.ca/cnt/hzd/flds-en.aspx

More Information & Resources:

EV Charging Network

It is now easier to go electric with the installation of the Charge Up in Dufferin network. The electric vehicle (EV) charging network is made up of 22 level-two charging stations and two level-three fast chargers that are located at various municipal offices, and recreation and cultural centres. The installation of the Charge Up in Dufferin network was led by the County of Dufferin, in partnership with local municipalities including East Garafraxa, Grand Valley, Melancthon, Mono, Mulmur, Orangeville and Shelburne.

Mono Town Hall - Level 2 FLO Public Charging Station

The type of electric vehicle charging station at Mono's Town Hall is a level 2 public charging station. Charging your vehicle at one of these stations for one hour will giving your vehicle an approximate driving range of 30 kilometres.

EV Vehicle Charger at Mono's Town Hall

Using a Level 2 Charging Station on the FLO Network

  • Park your vehicle in front of the charging station.
  • Activate the station by placing your FLO card on the reader or select the station in the FLO mobile app and press 'start a session'.
  • Once your session has been authenticated, open the station’s door and pull out the connector.
  • Plug the connector into your vehicle. Charging will start immediately.
  • Once charging is complete, unplug the connector, replace it in its socket and close the door.
  • You will receive a summary of your charging session via email.

Don't forget to share the station and move your vehicle once it is fully charged. This avoids a continued per hour fee.

More Information & Resources:

Sustainable Landscaping & Gardening

There are many landscaping and gardening practices that residents can adopt which will allow for the creation of habitats for wildlife, birds and butterflies as well as contribute to creating a healthy environment for our community.

Consider the following environmentally friendly ideas and practices for your property:

  • Plant trees for added shade and cooling in the warmer months
  • Use rain barrels to collect water for your garden
  • Build a rain garden
  • Plant drought-tolerant native species
  • Replace hard surfaces with permeable surfaces which will allow for rainwater to soak into the ground  

Tips for watering your garden:

  • Water the roots of plants, not the leaves.
  • Water longer & less often!
  • Don’t over water! Over watering can rot plant roots and soggy soil reduces oxygen needed for healthy soil and plants.
  • Consider watering your plants before 9 a.m. When watering in the middle of the day, the heat of the sun causes evaporation and, in the evening, any water/dampness left on plants may attract pests or diseases.
  • Rain barrels, watering cans and soaker hoses are better than using sprinklers for your plants.
  • Use mulch — Cover exposed soil with mulch to prevent weeds, retain moisture, add nutrients and to help keep the roots of the plants cool.
Mono Pollinator Garden

Project Idea — Rain Garden:

A rain garden is a landscaped feature that will replace an area of your lawn which allows for the collection of stormwater (rain and melted snow) run off from your grass, roof and driveway. This shallow depression has loose, deep soil that absorbs and naturally filters the runoff, preventing it from entering the storm drain system and, eventually, our waterways.

How to create your own rain garden

When building a rain garden, there are four elements required:

  • A source of stormwater runoff, such as a downspout
  • An absorbent soil mix
  • Full or partial sun
  • Native plants that are both water-tolerant and drought-tolerant
Why are rain gardens important?

By creating a rain garden, you will help the natural water cycle while protecting our local rivers, fish and drinking water sources. There are many additional benefits for rain gardens including:

  • Reducing the volume of water entering the local stormwater system
  • The potential for flooding or erosion of stream banks is reduced
  • They are low maintenance and will require little watering
  • Restore and recharge our groundwater system
  • Attracts birds, butterflies, and bees!

For more information, please refer to the TRCA’s guide for building and maintaining a rain garden: trca.ca/news/complete-guide-building-maintaining-rain-garden/

Check out the Credit Valley Conservation Authority rain garden factsheet: cvc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Rain-Gardens1.pdf

Heritage Tree & Seedling Program

In 1999, the Mono Forests Committee introduced a tree distribution program with the goal of providing residents with a convenient source for trees/seedlings at a reasonable price. This program continues to be organized by the Town every year and it offers a variety of tree/shrub species to residents which are suited for general reforestation and wildlife habitats. The program typically opens for orders in early December and is advertised through the Town’s different platforms including social media, Town website and newsletter.

Since the program started, the Town has supplied approximately 245,000 seedlings/trees. Help us reach our goal of supplying 300,000 seedlings/trees by 2030!

Chart showing that there have been 245,000 trees purchased as part of the tree program since it started and the target is to sell 300,000.

The Climate Change Team is happy to announce that all orders for the 2024 Tree/Seedling Program will receive a Council approved subsidy. By providing a discount, our goal is that this program will become more equitable and financially accessible for all residents while also supporting our environment through the planting of new trees in our community.

Please visit our Tree Shop below for more information and to place an order for trees and seedlings (tree shop orders open on December 1, 2023).

Tree shop promo image, showing a phone with the online tree order web pageGo to Tree Shop
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Links & Documents