Pollinator Posts

Pollinator Garden

Pollinator Posts is a periodic newsletter sent to anyone interested in following the development of the Mono Pollinator Garden. This includes volunteers, sponsors and anyone else who is interested in the garden and pollinator health in general.

To subscribe to Pollinator Posts, please email ralph.manktelow@townofmono.com.

February 9, 2017

Pollinator Planning Meeting

The plan for this spring and summer has been prepared by the planting group and can be found in the minutes of last Friday’s meeting. Please see included minutes and sketch of site.

We have 3 suggestions for naming our site and instructions are listed in this mail. Please make your choice by Wednesday and we will add up the votes.

Here is an interesting Ted Talk on pollinators and the four main factors that are affecting them: diseases, pesticides, agricultural monocultures and loss of habitat. It was done in 2013 so many of you will already have seen Maria speak.

Minutes - Friday February 9, 2017 | Town of Mono Offices

Present: Helen Derry, Donna McAvoy, Matt Doner, Mike Dunmore, Jutta Holdenreid, Ralph Manktelow, Sharon Martin, Rosemary Reid. David Warburton

The purpose of this meeting was to make plans for the planting season.

  1. Dave Warburton outlined his concerns that the planting site be as weed free as possible - particularly that we make sure that we are rid of grass root systems. He emphasized that it was essential to give the new plants – both plugs and new seedlings, a chance to grow and develop their own strong root system with minimal weed competition. With a good take, the new plants they should be able to out compete weeds in 3 years. He feels that the soil at our site is not yet ready for planting. The options for further weed control are either Round Up, which we do not want to use, or continued tiliing. We began tilling last spring, initially by plowing and then repeated discing, and carried on into the fall. Obtaining timely tilling was an issue, which has led to the conclusion that we need to have our own equipment. The tilliing options are discing or rototilling. Discing with a large tractor and set of discs will be a challenge to manouever around the mounds and the trails. The preference is to buy or borrow a lawn size tractor that could pull a small set of discs or a large rototiller.
  2. Dave talked about the hedgerow concept for the west margin of the site. The advantage of a hedgerow is that it provides wind protection, protection for small animals, birds and pollinators and provides an important vertical dimension to the site. Stakes were placed last year for a suggested tree and shrub planting species and locations for the hedgerow.
  3. After discussion about what planting we should do this year, we decided:
  4. Place the boulders logs and stumps when there is available equipment with. Matt, Mike & Dave – this winter
  5. Plant all of the woodies – trees and shrubs - early in spring – Dave to obtain pricing from Connon.
  6. Have a major work party and hand dig the hedgerow on west side (5 X 85m) m to remove all grass roots for spring planting.
  7. Plant the mounds (3) this year and hand weed through the season (these areas are mostly imported topsoil and will likely have some weed seeds.
  8. Consider a nursery possibly just south of the holding garden to develop plants from plugs and seeds for transplanting to the main site in 2018.
  9. Repeated tilling of all the rest of the site except the mounds and hedgerow strip throughout the spring summer and fall.
  10. Watering - Matt and Mike to develop a watering plan which will provide water via sprinklers to all planted areas.
  11. Plant selection and purchase - Helen and Dave
  12. Plant donations from volunteer’s gardens - request to be made by Helen
  13. Entrance Arch with name - consider placing this on the laneway to the site and close to the 5th line - for visibility from the road. Dave to construct and Ralph to provide logs.
    Nothing About Our Planning is Cast in Stone
  14. Organization of planting. General principles by Dave. Divide all of the area to be planted this year into 5-7 regions –each region is to be under the guidance of one chief who decides what is planted where. I.E, the chief makes the detailed planting plan with the plants being from the selection of the planting group and Dave. Each region will feature a couple of specific plants as feature plants for educational purposes. Have a similar process of regions and chiefs for the remaining areas next year.
  15. Finance: There is approximately $12,000 available and we have applied for grants of $20,800 which could become available later this spring. Our fundraising will become more active in the near future. Private donors can make a donation and get a tax receipt from the Town of Mono.
Pollinator Garden Map Sketch

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February 6, 2017


  1. We have partnered with Nottawasaga Valley Conservation Authority in applying for an Eco Action Grant.
  2. We have submitted a Grant application under the MNRF for a Stewardship and Habitat Restoration Grant.
  3. We are in the process of applying to Dufferin County for funds for a 150 project related to the educational component of the Pollinator Preserve.
  4. The planting sub group is meeting this week with David Warburton to make plans for what plants go where.
  5. We had four additional volunteers in January. This makes it 38 people. This is wonderful. We can use all the help that we can get with planting and plant care!

A Name

If you were able to attend the End of Season Get Together at Sharon’s you might remember that we agreed to proceed with a review of name selection for our planting area.

The working name has been The Pollinator Preserve, however there is interest in considering other options. Possible suggestions to date are:

Pollinator Garden
Pollinator Refuge
Pollinator Haven

It has been suggested that Mono might be the first word i.e. Mono Pollinator Garden, but that is optional.

We should get this done soon so that we can work with an agreed upon name and use it for our fundraising etc. Could you put on your creative caps and come up with a neat name and send your suggestion(s) to Ralph by next weekend. We will then vote on the suggestions. (one volunteer = one vote)


To put it bluntly, we need more money to create this…money for plants and other materials…

Some volunteers have indicated an interest in being a part of a fundraising group. If anyone else is interested please contact us.

We are going to meet in a couple of weeks for our fundraising planning session.

We are particularly looking for local area corporate sponsors. If you have any suggestions for possible donors please contact one of us. Better still if you have a personal contact in a local business please let us know.

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November 26, 2016

You Are Invited


We recognize and thank the Town of Mono, which has generously provided the pollinator site and$5,000.

Work to Date

  1. Repeated tilling with plow and disc to established some weed control - by Sunshine Landscaping.
  2. The Plant Selection Group (Helen Derry, Donna McAvoy, Rosemary Reid and Jutta Holden) created a planting list – planting to be started in the spring.
  3. David Warburton, landscape architect laid out the master site plan.
  4. The walkways were created by Sunshine Landscaping by removing topsoil and replacing with hardwood chips as a walking surface.
  5. The Town donated large boulders as landscape features.
  6. Using imported topsoil three low hills were created to provide varied terrain and areas for plants that prefer drier soil.
  7. We did hand grooming with shovels and rakes.
  8. The planned location of 40 trees was staked out for spring planting.
  9. An 800 sq. ft. holding garden was created and our volunteers group contributed 150 plants.
  10. A 600 sq. ft. planting of flower seeds was done in November.
  11. We are applying for an Ont. Land Stewardship and Habitat Restoration Program Grant. The Town of Mono has offered additional $5,000 cash as partial matching funds for the grant application.


The Agenda is rather “loose”, however, we would like to cover the following:

  1. Select a permanent name. The working name is the currently The Mono Pollinator Preserve.
  2. Talk about the next steps.
  3. Flesh out the volunteer interests – particular needs are for spring planting and for community fund raising.

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October 15, 2016

WOW! The preparation of our site moved into high gear last week

The site plan

This was created by Dave Warburton who spent most of Tuesday on the design. Dave has emphasized that the plan is flexible and it is ok for us to tinker with it as we wish. Please keep your ideas coming.

The features of the Plan to date is a trail system, earth mounds and groves of trees - but really, you must come and see it for yourself!

The main trail system is a large loop which leads out and back. It is 6 ft. wide, with an entrance and an exit to the laneway. There is also a mid site trail that joins the north and south arms of the loop. In addition there will multiple narrow dirt footpaths leading off this loop. These paths will allow walkers more intimate contact with plantings and lead towards some instructional signage. I think that it will be quite fun to walk these trails.

There are two irregularly shaped mounds running east and west in the center of the site and a third mound at the NE corner. The purpose of the mounds is to provide raised areas for plants that require drier soil and to give visual variety to the otherwise flat site. In the largest central mound there will be a clump of black locusts, boulders and a bench for sitting.

Dave has selected ten locations for small groves of trees and suggested fourteen different trees for the site. All species are valuable for pollinators and bird life. Along the west boundary will be a hedgerow of about 20 trees and shrubs, which will act as a windbreak and a refuge for pollinators. This unit will also help to frame the west side of the site and separate it visually from the adjacent fields. A heavily mulched bed around the trees will help to limit weed growth from the fields to the west. Each grove will be a grouping of the same type of trees with each placed about the perimeter plus a couple of groves placed centrally.

The site construction

This was done later in the week, Sunshine Landscaping moved in a front-end loader- (see pics) and removed the topsoil along the trails and then filled them in with wood ships as our walking surface. Wood ships have been donated by the Town of Mono and Williams Bros Tree service.

The soil from the trails provided some of the soil for the mounds. The Town of Mono provided additional topsoil that had been stored at the Klondike Pit. I don’t have the final figure – at least 25 dump truck loads! Our only cost will be the labor of loading the trucks and transporting to the site. Thanks to Mike Dunmore and Matt Doner for organizing this mammoth move. The mounds are 18-24” high and are designed to be not too steep for continued use of mechanical equipment. We were impressed at the large amount of soil that was needed for these relatively small elevations.

Next Steps

  1. Sunday Oct 16 – 9:00 am. This is a good time to bring plant donations for the Holding Garden. . Sharon and/or Helen will be at the site. Water is available from the tanks on site or the tap at the back of the house to the east. Please check your list (appended) for the selected plants. Other good pollinators plants are also welcome.
  2. As an anti weed campaign; tilling will continue to be done until the ground freezes.
  3. In order to assess the spring wetness of various parts of the site and hence what plants should go where, the plan is wait for spring for planting and seeding.
  4. Hand grooming of the site. We need to smooth out some of the site and do some work on the trials with shovels and rakes. This will be done when the mechanical work is done and Ralph returns in a week’s time. We can put our heads together and select some times that work for anyone who is able to help.
  5. We have some potted trees (15?) that need to be dug in for winter protection.
  6. Select locations and place boulders, stumps and logs.
  7. Decide which plants should go where --sometime later.

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October 8, 2016

Next week at the pollinator preserve

The plan is to create the site’s landscape architecture.

Monday – Dave Warburton will do the on site planning.

Tuesday – Hopefully the beginning of earth moving by machine, likely with a skid steer.
Making walking trails and mounds and berms

Wednesday - continued machine work,
- Earth moving, rock and stump placement, placement of wood chips in trail areas,
- Harrow to areas that have been compacted by machines,
- Beginning of hand work (shovels and rakes) to smooth out the surfaces of mounds, berms and trails.

Thursday and Friday - Will be planned as needed - likely further hand work.

Friday Oct 14 at 9:00 am and Sunday Oct 16 at 9:00 am - Anyone can bring their plants to the Holding Garden (at the Pollinator Preserve site) Sharon and Helen will be at the site. Or, bring your plants at other times that work for you and dig them in to the Holding Garden.

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First Past
the Post

Welcome to Pollinator Posts

Since we last met as a group we have had an additional tilling of the plot. We would have liked to have more frequent tilling but Sunshine who was doing it was unavailable. And so we had a nice “crop” of wild mustard throughout the plot some of which looks like it has gone to seed. It makes one wonder where it all came from!! Anyway with the recent tilling the topsoil and lack of weed growth looks very good today.

The Plant Selection Group (Helen Derry, Donna McAvoy, Rosemary Reid and Jutta Holden) has held their first meeting. More information to come shortly.

The next step is to disc the plot one more time likely near the end of next week.

Following the discing we will do the architectural layout with David Warburton’s leadership and then promptly move into the creation of the site.

Creating the site will involve creation the planting areas with various elevations (mounds and berms), a trail system and the placement of boulders, logs and stumps. This stage will be done with some earth moving equipment plus handwork with shovels and rakes etc. We will get a better idea of when this stage will start and get back to all of you. The more help the better for this stage.

The next step will be to decide which plants go where. Rooted plants will be put in next spring and seeds will be done before snow flies – or we are in trouble!!

Re: The Holding Garden –The concept is that for some plants it is easier to identify them in the fall and donate them “now” than in the spring. Helen’s group will be getting a list out to everyone shortly – the plants that the selection group has chosen and the process. The plan is to pot your donation from your own land and bring it to the site for fall planting in the staked out nursery area. More info to follow from Helen and her group.

Action: The working name is the currently The Mono Pollinator Preserve. We would like to settle on a permanent name and are asking you to send in your suggestions. Maybe we will need to vote on this!!?

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List of Designated Heritage Properties

Relessey Church

Relessey Church

Address: 874615 5th Line (Southeast corner of Mono Centre Road and 5th Line)
Registered Date: May 18, 1995
Bylaw: 94-5
Details and Reasons for Designation: Red brick church withsquare ornamental tower at the road entrance end and a vestibule exiting out tothe cemetery on one acre of land built in 1870.

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Mitchell Church

Mitchell Church

Address: 873202 5th Line
Registered Date: April 26, 1995
Bylaw: 94-24
Details and Reasons for Designation: Donated by the Mitchell family in the 1840’s.  The Mitchell family owned the Mitchell Farm from 1824 to 1888.  John Wendell Mitchell, the great grandson of the pioneer Peter Mitchell, was the author of the popular Mono Irish settlement story “The Yellow Briar”, written about the early pioneer life in Mono and Mono Mills.  The original church was built in 1868 as a simple 3 bay gabled brick structure. The bays are defined by yellow brick filasters and each contains a tall gothic window.  The original foundations are of rubble stone

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William Cobean Residence

William Cobean Residence

Address: 953283 7thLine
Registered Date: April 26, 1995
Bylaw: 95-2
Details and Reasons for Designation: Historically and architecturally important Victorian style wood frame house and clad house constructed in 1872 on a 70 acre lot.

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Elder Post Office

William Cobean Residence

Address: 428005 25 Sideroad
Registered Date: May 18, 1995
Bylaw: 97-5
Details and Reasons for Designation: Two storey log house circa 1855.  House is a sizeable full two storey with two additions, one to the east (log) and one to the west(frame).  The height of the second storey is notable in that most second storeys of log homes only have windows on the gable ends, the roof being much lower. It is an unusual two storey design log construction with dovetail corners.

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John Maguire Residence

John Maguire Residence

Address: 955140 7th Line
Registered Date: April 27, 2009
Bylaw: 2002-34
Details and Reasons for Designation: Built in 1870, this house is a fine example of a typical Ontario homestead in the late 1860’s with its banded brick work, symmetrically arranged with Palladian Fan.  There is a transom over the front door and porch.

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The Goodman Residence / Hall House

Goodman Residence / Hall House

Address: 506014 Highway 89
Registered Date: Feb 14, 2014
Bylaw: 2014-04
Details and Reasons for Designation: The subject residence, known as the “Goodman Residence”, is located on an original,  un-severed, one hundred acre parcel of land at the extreme northwest corner  of the Town of Mono and was likely built in the 1870’s.  The house is a good example of an Ontario  Victorian farmhouse “built by a man of means”.  The exterior construction of the home  remains largely original.  Historically,  this lot is notable for being located at the junction of four municipalities  - the Town of Mono, and the Townships of Amaranth, Mulmur, and  Melancthon.  It was originally known as  Hall’s Corners because the owner, William Hall, owned property on both the  Mono and Amaranth corners.  Hall  operated a coaching inn on the Amaranth side of the Townline, which served  travellers along the Toronto-Sydenham Road during the mid to late  1800’s.  The Hall family owned this  property for approximately 100 years (from 1863 to 1961).

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Currie House (William Large Residence)

Currie House

Address: 794530 3rd Line
Registered Date: May 18, 1995
Bylaw: 95-1
Details and Reasons for Designation: The 1870 main house is a rectangular split field stone storey and half structure with a centre gable. A frame “sun room” and cold kitchen were subsequent additions prior to 1935.  Exact date of construction unknown although assessment records suggest approximately 1870.  The interior of the house has been well restored with much of the original wood work intact and unique wood stove in living area.

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Squire McManus Residence

Squire McManus Residence

Address: 93064 Mono-AdjalaTownline
Registered Date: April 26, 1995
Bylaw: 95-3
Details and Reasons for Designation: Built in 1900, the house is two storey, of rubble construction covered in stucco, with a wrap-around porch.  It is decorated with gingerbread trim and widow’s walk. There is a Celtic cross in the garden.

Robert McBride Residence

Robert McBride Residence

Address: 21 Goulding Lane
Registered Date: June 10, 1998
Bylaw: 98-13
Details and Reasons for Designation: Homestead of Robert McBride, one of the first permanent pioneer settlers in the Township.  Located in part of the Township which was first settled and which was traversed by early settlers routes and Indian trails.  Part of dramatic escarpment, valley lands, and wilderness in the area and may contain archeological artifacts.  The house, built in 1845, is a sizeable full two storey stone structure with one wood frame addition to the east.  Although the stones are now exposed there is evidence that the house was stuccoed or grouted over at onetime.  The wood frame windows may be original.

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The Woodland House

The Woodland House

Address: 753174 2nd Line
Registered Date: June 6, 2008
Bylaw: 2008-07
Details and Reasons for Designation: Building and property are of interest both historically and architecturally.  One of Mono’s most respected citizens (and the treasurer of the township at the time of his death), was born on this farm and died in the house in 1911.  The home itself, built between 1892 and 1895 is beautifully appointed with arched windows with elaborate brickwork detail throughout.  The house has two original dormers on the east side, with elaborate detail and gingerbread trim.

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St. Peter's House

St. Peter's House

Address: 953376 7th Line EHS
Registered Date: July 15, 2016
Bylaw: 2016-24
Details and Reasons for Designation: St. Peter's House has cultural heritage value in that it is a good example of an Ontario gothic revival farmhouse typical to the area, dating from the 1890's.  It is representative of farmhouses of this area and era in its design, scale, material, and construction method. It is of sturdy and substantial scale for its time and location, the exterior bricks still being in good condition, and the triple course quoins being common to the area.  The decorative and distinctive dichromatic brickwork of alternating red and buff bricks is a unique design feature and is a pattern not common to Mono. The house is typical of this style in that it has a storey and a half front block, with a centre door, dormer, and stairwell plan, and a rear cross gabled kitchen block. Upon close inspection some names and designs dated 1917 can be found inscribed into the exterior brickwork. The homestead served to anchor the working farm, and is both physically and visually linked to its surroundings, being settled in the landscape with a pond and cedar and willow trees behind, and a dug well with a hand water pump mounted on top.  The cultural heritage value of St. Peter's House's also lies in its more recent use as a monastery in direct association with the following religious organizations: Cistercian Monastery of Notre Dame from 1981 - 1999 Ukrainian Catholic Episcopal Corp. of Eastern Canada from 1999 - 2014 Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria, The Church of The Virgin Mary and St. Athanasius from 2014 to present

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