Town of Mono's COVID-19 Message Centre:

Omicron — What should I know about TESTING and RISK

This message from the Town of Mono was posted on 
February 11, 2022

About Testing:  

What is the difference between a PCR Test and a Rapid Test?

PCR Test:

For the PCR you'll need to go to a testing centre, and with this test it will take several days before you get the result.  The PCR has been the standard test used in testing centers and has been used at international borders crossings. In a newly infected person, the PCR test is likely to become positive almost immediately.

Rapid Test:

You should now be able to obtain rapid tests (Rapid Antigen Test) throughout Dufferin County.  at pharmacies and grocery stores.  You perform the test yourself and it gives you a result in matter of minutes.

If you become infected with COVID-19 your rapid test will be negative on the day of infection.  It will take a few days until you will test positive.  If you get symptoms — usually a runny nose or sore throat or unusual fatigue — the test will usually be negative on the first day of your symptoms.  You should test yourself on the third day of illness and if negative retest 48 hours later.  If still negative, it's highly unlikely you have COVID.  However, if the test is positive, it's usually very accurate. You have COVID.  

The most recent recommendations for accurate results when doing the rapid test are to swab both cheeks, followed by the back of the throat or tongue, and then both your nostrils. Place this swab in each cheek and roll it gently, swab the back of the throat or tongue, and then place it into each nostril straight back until it gets to the tickle point and roll it again.  Directions are with the test kit and must be followed carefully. It has been found that the Omicron virus seems to start in the mouth and then move over time to the nose, a fact that has resulted in the advice to test in both mouth and nose.

About the risk: It is well known that Omicron is the latest COVID-19 variant and that it passes from one person to another very easily.  Fortunately, in Ontario and in Dufferin County this wave peeked around mid January and we have been on the down slope since then.

For assessing previous waves, we have relied on new case numbers as indicated by COVID testing of symptomatic and asymptomatic persons. Unfortunately, with this wave, we were not able to continue with community testing — largely because the testing capabilities were swamped by the massive size of the omicron wave. Wastewater testing has now become the standard means of assessing community infection. Wastewater testing evaluates the amount of active virus in the community and relates directly to the number of people that are infected and provides a number known as a signal. The size of the signal is directly proportional to the number of active cases in the community.  Province wide we currently test wastewater from 101 treatment plants and pumping stations in all 34 of our Ontario Public Health Units. This covers almost all persons in urban areas. The signal has been decreasing since mid-January. Currently its strength decreases by 50% every 10 days.  Clearly, we are currently on the downslope of the Omicron wave. The signal is still significantly higher than it was prior to the Omicron wave, which indicates that there are more people currently infected with COVID than there were prior to Omicron’s arrival in Ontario

Well, what then is my personal risk?

We know that the Omicron virus passes from one individual to another more easily than previous variants.  We also know that with this variant the standard 2 jab vaccination is not nearly as protective as with previous variants.   With three jabs (including a booster) you are much less likely to get the disease.  If you have not been able to or have chosen not to get vaccinated you have a 10 to 12 times greater risk of being admitted to an ICU and potentially requiring a ventilator than if you have had 2 or 3 vaccinations.  As it has been with all other variants the risk of death is higher for persons over 70 years of age and higher still for persons over 80 years of age.  Risk is again increased if you have other health conditions such as diabetes, cancer or are immunocompromised.  

The virus usually/almost always is passed on in an indoor setting.  Although initially in the pandemic it was thought that the virus was passed from one person to another when they were within six feet or closer by coughing or sneezing or otherwise expelling large respiratory droplets this is no longer thought to be the dominant method of spread.  It is now clear that most infections are transmitted through fine droplets that float about in the air for minutes to hours. These droplets — sometimes called aerosols — are produced by normal breathing and talking and in larger quantities by shouting, coughing and singing. The best way to prevent transmission from an infected person is to not be in an indoor place especially if poorly ventilated where aerosols can accumulate, be fully vaccinated and be well masked. A good mask should be held to your face without air leaks.   N95 or KN 95 masks are now more available especially online.  Their ability to prevent you from receiving these fine droplets is extremely good and is many times better than the standard blue surgical mask or triple layered cloth mask.

Can I repeatedly use my mask?

Yes, just keep it clean and store it in your car or at home in a clean container or plastic bag.  It is estimated that you can use an N95 or KN95 mask for about 40 hours before disposing of it.  This depends on you keeping it clean and it being intact.  Virus particles do not accumulate on it from day to day. The virus “dies” when outside the human body.  An N95 or KN95 will not be as effective if it is washed.  It will lose some of its superior efficiency due to loss of its electrical charge — an important function that is there to attract small particles.  Blue — looking like paper — surgical masks cannot be washed and should be disposed of — probably after a day of use, while three-layer cloth masks can be repeatedly washed and reused.

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Local Update

First, since the “low-water” mark of February 18th , there has been a 30% increase in the 7-day rolling average of reported new cases in Ontario. This suggests that a third wave is occurring, at least in the Greater Toronto, Ottawa and Thunder Bay areas. New case numbers in Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph (WDG) Public Health area have not yet seen an uptick.

Second, the Ontario Science Advisory Table estimates that variants of concern (VOCs) make up more than half of all new cases province wide.  The Advisory Table is particularly concerned about the COVID UK variant — referred to as B.117.  These more easily transmissible VOCs are likely to drive the third wave, and this is worrisome.


1. How can I get an appointment for my vaccine shot?

  • Check the WDG Public Health website frequently and you will find when it is your turn to register.  The website is:
  • Currently, residents 60 years and over, persons with other diseases and all persons involved in health care and long-term care are eligible.
  • The first step (for those who are eligible) is to pre-register online at Next, you will be contacted and given a unique code so that you can schedule a date, time and location.
  • Or you can register by phone: 844-780-0202 (although it may take time to get through)

2. I am hesitant to get the vaccine.  What is your advice?

  • People have different reasons for “vaccine hesitancy”.  Despite knowing that many diseases, such as smallpox and polio, have been eradicated or controlled by vaccines, the speed of development and political pressure to get a COVID-19 vaccine has created some scepticism.  However, a lack of understanding of the science is less likely the driver of hesitancy, than is the lack of trust in public institutions.
  • One vaccine – the AstraZeneca/Oxford (AZ) - has had a problematic rollout with a dosing error in the phase three trial and subsequent poor communications.  Recently it has been suggested that AZ vaccine has caused blood clotting in leg veins and lungs.  This has resulted in seven or more European countries suspending its use. However, there is no hard evidence that AZ does cause blood clotting.  Although this issue, and others, are disturbing, the openness of information should contribute to public trust.
  • A good way to help decide about vaccination is to educate yourself by getting as much vaccine information as you can, and by speaking with trusted acquaintances — family, friends, a family doctor or a religious leader.

3. How can I know that the vaccines are safe?

  • Before acceptance, each vaccine approved for use in Canada underwent three clinical trials.  The final and largest was a phase three trial that involved  two large groups of people.  One group was given the vaccine, the other was given a placebo - a “pretend” vaccine.  The effectiveness at preventing COVID-19 was compared between the two groups.  Side effects or adverse events were also identified.  These groups are large, often having 10,000 people in each group, in order that the trial results can be considered significant.  
  • Once a vaccine is approved and vaccination starts, the vaccine continues to be studied.  This is a phase four trial (a “real-life” trial), and these trials are massive.  The Israeli phase four trial, which has recently been published, had about 600,000 vaccinated people compared to a similar group of 600,000 non-vaccinated persons.  A huge study like this will provide further information about possible rare side effects, confirm the degree of efficacy, and identify other benefits such as the prevention of death.

4. What are the differences between the Canadian approved vaccines?

  • There are four approved vaccines: Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca and Janssen (or Johnson & Johnson). Based on the phase 3 trials, each vaccine resulted in a number that indicates the effectiveness (the efficacy). Largely these reported efficacy numbers only relate to the original COVID virus, although the J&J vaccine also provided evidence on some of the VOCs. The efficacy ratings are:
    • Pfizer BioNTech(Pf)
    • Moderna (Mod)
    • AstraZeneca (AZ) (two studies)
      62% and 79%
    • Janssen (two studies)
      66% and 85%

  • The Janssen vaccine is a single-dose vaccine. It is also effective in protecting against some of the VOCs – 82% efficacy with the South African variant and 88% with the Brazilian variant.

  • There are other differences. The four vaccines are produced by two quite different biological processes. And they also have quite different pricing – Pf.$20, Mod $37, AZ $4, J&J $10. (These are the approximate costs in $US per dose.)

5. Can you explain “efficacy” in real numbers?

  • For example, Pfizer’s efficacy is 95%. This means the vaccinated group tested positive and experienced some symptoms for COVID-19. 5/100 as often as the unvaccinated group. This was 1/20th as often as people in the unvaccinated group.

  • The AZ efficacy is 62% — meaning that people in the vaccinated group were experiencing symptoms and testing positive for COVID-19 38/100 as often as the unvaccinated group. This was a little more than 1/3rd as often as the unvaccinated group.

  • It is notable that the modest drop from 95% to 62% has a large implication in the degree of protection of the vaccine.

6. Currently in WDG the Pfizer vaccine is being given with an interval of 4 months between the first and second doses.  How effective is this vaccine after a single dose?

  • In the Israel study, the largest study yet reported, efficacy was 90% by day 21 after the first jab with the Pfizer vaccine.  So, you do have some very good protection even after the first dose.

7. Are the vaccines effective against the new variants?

  • The vaccines provide significant protection from the dominant VOC now in Ontario (the UK variant), however the effectiveness against the South African and Brazilian variants is not generally as high.  However, the vaccine manufacturers say that they can readily adapt their vaccines and create booster doses to manage variants.

8. What other factors are important in addition to quoted efficacy numbers?

  • The vaccines are very effective not only for increasing your resistance to developing symptoms or carrying (without symptoms) the COVID-19 virus, but importantly, if you are infected, all vaccines are very effective at reducing the likelihood of severe disease or death.

9. Do I have a choice of which vaccine I will receive?

  • At this time, WDG Public Health is only giving the Pfizer vaccine.  It is expected that all four vaccines will be available some day in the future.  There has been no mention about the option of personal selection of a vaccine.

Voting box with ballot going in

2022 Municipal Election Voting Period

Oct 14, 2022 10:00 AM
Oct 24, 2022 8:00 PM
Time Zone: 

This is the voting period for the 2022 Municipal Election. Only eligible electors for the Town of Mono can vote in the election. Electors will vote online/by phone. A voter instruction letter will be sent out to explain the process and give electors a PIN they will need. Offices to be elected: Mayor, Deputy Mayor, 3 Councillors, and trustees for the school boards.


Add to your calendar:

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Voter Information

Learn about Voting

Who Is Running?

List of Candidates

Becoming a Candidate

Candidate Information

In this Section:

  1. Recent News
  2. How Do I Vote?
  3. Who Can Vote?
  4. Offices to Be Elected
  5. Who Is Running? (Candidate List)
  6. Is Online/Telephone Voting Safe? What If My Pin Is Stolen?
  7. Frequently Asked Questions

Recent News

2022 Municipal Election: Candidate Information Sessions (Watch on YouTube)

Are you thinking about running for office in the next municipal election?

While the last in-person candidate session is over, you can still watch the virtual candidate information session from April 12th, 2022 on YouTube.

Virtual Candidate Information Session

This virtual candidate information session is presented by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing.

Link to watch the session on YouTube:

View All Election News

How Do I Vote?

You will receive a Voter Instruction Letter that will have your PIN and instructions on how to vote online or by phone.  A Voter Help Centre will be established at Mono's Town Hall to assist electors with the online & telephone voting process or other general election inquiries. The help centre at the Town Hall will be available on the following dates and times:

  • Friday, October 14, 2022 from 10 am to 4:30 pm
  • Monday, October 17 to Friday, October 21, 2022 from 8:30 am to 4:30 pm
  • 8:30 am to 8:00 pm on Monday, October 24, 2022 (Voting Day)

Who Can Vote?

  • Residents of the Town of Mono or an owner or tenant of land in the Town
  • Spouse of an owner or tenant
    Electors must also
    • Be a Canadian Citizen
    • Be at least 18 years old
    • Not prohibited from voting by law

Electors can have their name added to the Voters' List up to the closing of polls on Voting Day. To have a name added, one piece of identification that includes name and current residential address must be shown. You can view a complete list of acceptable identification in the Municipal Elections Act, 1996 (Ontario Regulation 304/13 Voter Identification).  

MPAC's Voter Lookup: Check and Confirm Your Electoral Information is owned and managed by the Municipal Property Assessment Corporation (MPAC), which is responsible for identifying all potential municipal, school board and District Social Services Administration Board electors. MPAC provides this information to election clerks in support of local election events. is also used to collect the names of all occupants in a household. This information is collected by MPAC and provided to municipalities and school boards to assist with planning purposes.

By logging into, eligible electors can:

  • confirm or update their electoral information;
  • add an elector name to an address; and,
  • change school support for the purpose of voting in a school board election.
Go to

Offices to Be Elected

The Offices to be elected are as follows:

  • Office of the Mayor
  • Deputy Mayor
  • Councillor (3 seats)
  • Upper Grand District School Board Trustee
  • Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board Trustee
  • Conseil Scolaire Viamonde Trustee
  • Conseil Scolaire Catholique MonAvenir (formerly Conseil Scolaire de District Catholique Centre-sud)

Who Is Running? (Candidate List)

View the Full Candidate List

Is Online/Telephone Voting Safe? What If My Pin Is Stolen?

The data centre environment is in Halifax and it hosts some of the most sensitive government and financial systems running in Atlantic Canada. It is built to provide a highly secure and reliable solution to ensure voter anonymity and secrecy of your vote while also ensuring a fair election process.  Stealing and opening another person's mail is illegal as is representing another person and stealing that person's right to vote in an election. If you know someone else has voted with your PIN, report it to the Election Official immediately.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. I won't be in Mono during the voting period. Can I still vote? 

Yes, even if you're on vacation outside of Canada, as long as you can either call or connect to the Internet, you can vote.

2. I find a lot of websites are difficult to navigate. How can I vote?

The voting system has been designed to meet the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) requirements to make sure everyone can perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with the system. If there are any issues (Internet connectivity, etc.), there is also the option to call and vote.

3. I use a screen reader. Can I vote online?

Yes, the system is WCAG-2 compatible and supports voting using screen readers.

4. What if I don't get a PIN in the mail by Election Day?

If you are an eligible elector and on the official Voter List, but did not get a PIN in the mail by the start of the election period, you can request a replacement PIN.

5. Is registration required?

No. At anytime during the election period, you may use your PIN to vote online or by phone.

Waterway Signing Survey

Please view the pictures & map below and use the intersections, roads, etc. for geographical context. There is a spot to fill in any alternative current, historical, or colloquial names of the rivers/streams/creeks/etc.

Personal information on this form is collected under the authority of the Municipal Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act and will be used for the purposes of collecting alternative names for waterways for potential inclusion in signage. Questions about this collection should be directed to the Clerk’s Office:, 347209 Mono Centre Road, Mono ON L9W 6S3, 519.941.3599.

Please fill out your contact your preferences: phone and/or email

Reference Map for All Waterways

29 Road Crossings Selected for Signage

Please provide a list of name corrections or alternatives in the fields. Please separate each name with a comma (,).

Graphic representation of a stream

10 Other Road Crossings Not Selected

Please provide a list of name corrections or alternatives in the fields. Please separate each name with a comma (,).

↑ Go Back to Reference Map

Are there any of the above "10 Other Road Crossings Not Selected", that you feel should be selected for signage. Please reference the stream number from the previous section. Provide one waterway per line and include the reason why you feel the additional waterways should be signed.

From what resources did you obtain the information? Please let us know if there would be an opportunity for the Town to examine the resources. If you are listing multiple resources, please list one resource per line.

Security Check *

Please check the box below. The security check helps to protect our system from spam and malicious submissions.

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High speed fibre Internet for all of Mono:

Where do you and your party stand on rolling out high speed fibre for all of Mono? Multiple providers have applied to the Federal and Provincial governments for grants to extend service throughout the Town yet no announcements have been forthcoming. What will you do to expedite a process seemingly bogged down in red tape and bureaucracy?


Green Party of Ontario (GPO) Response
Ontario Liberal Party Response
Ontario NDP/NPD Response

Ministerial Zoning Orders:

Where do you and your party stand on use of this process to override local planning decisions? In general, where do you and your party stand on the ability of local municipalities to determine their future through locally driven planning solutions?


Green Party of Ontario (GPO) Response
Ontario Liberal Party Response
Ontario NDP/NPD Response


Do you and your party support the construction of a highway that parallels an under-utilized highway (407) Are you willing to support subsidizing use of the 407 as an alternative?


Green Party of Ontario (GPO) Response
Ontario Liberal Party Response
Ontario NDP/NPD Response

Regional Transit:

Are you in favour of better GO bus service to Dufferin County including greater frequency, extension to Shelburne through Mono, weekend service, express runs to Brampton and general rationalization of service?


Green Party of Ontario (GPO) Response
Ontario Liberal Party Response
Ontario NDP/NPD Response

Aggregate extraction:

Will you and your party support an assessment classification for pits and quarries that better recognizes their commercial/industrial activity? Will you also support an increase in the tonnage fee remitted to municipalities that better reflects wear and tear on roads and local impacts?


Green Party of Ontario (GPO) Response
Ontario Liberal Party Response
Ontario NDP/NPD Response

Increased fines and penalties for drivers who break the law:

Mindful of epidemic speeding and reckless driving on our roads, do you support increased fines and penalties under the Highway Traffic Act, many of which have remained the same for 30 years? Mono has also called for the ability to use Automated Speed Enforcement on roadways with a speed limit of 80 km. without restrictions or conditions. Will you support this essential tool to curtail reckless road behaviour?


Green Party of Ontario (GPO) Response
Ontario Liberal Party Response
Ontario NDP/NPD Response

Measures to increase affordable housing:

What is your plan to encourage affordable housing in municipalities such as Mono while at the same time being sensitive to their rural character?


Green Party of Ontario (GPO) Response
Ontario Liberal Party Response
Ontario NDP/NPD Response

Dufferin-Caledon Candidates

Andrea Banyai


Political Party: New Blue


Contact: use the contact form at

Campbell, Laura


Political Party: Green Party of Ontario GPO


Contact: 519-278-4602 |

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No image available


Political Party: Ontario Moderate Party


Contact: 416-839-4889 |

Gordanier, Bob


Political Party: Ontario Liberal Party


Contact: 519-215-2135 |

Jones, Sylvia


Political Party: PC Party of Ontario


Contact: 519-942-0790 |

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No image available


Political Party: Ontario Party



Prendergast, Tess


Political Party: Ontario NDP/NPD



Anonymous person graphic
No image available


Political Party: Public Benefit Party



An Informational Guide to Town of Mono's New Checkout Bag Bylaw

Please select whether you are a Resident / Member of the General Public or a Business

Information for Residents

On January 1, 2021, you should no longer receive checkout bags from stores in Mono. You may only receive a bag if:

  • You are first asked whether you need a bag and you respond that you require one
  • The bag you receive is a paper bag
  • You must pay for the bag

Businesses must allow you to use any reusable bag that you may already have, including bags from competitors.

Woman receiving purchased products in reusable bag

Are There Any Exceptions? 

You may still receive bags in situations when the bag is being used to do any of the following:

  • Package loose bulk items, such as fruit / vegetables, nuts, grains, or candy;
  • Package loose small hardware items such as nails and bolts;
  • Contain or wrap frozen foods, meat, poultry or fish;
  • Wrap flowers or potted plants;
  • Protect prepared foods or bakery goods that are not already packaged;
  • Contain prescription drugs received from a pharmacy;
  • Transport live fish;
  • Protect linens, bedding, or other similar large items that cannot easily fit in a reusable bag;
  • Protect newspapers or other printed material that may be left outside;
  • Protect clothes after laundering or dry cleaning;
  • Protect tires that cannot easily fit in a reusable bag;
  • Collect and dispose of animal waste

You may also receive small paper bags at no charge for smaller purchases.

For more information, view the Plastic Bag Bylaw.

Remember Your Bags Graphic

Information for Businesses

On January 1, 2021, you should no longer provide checkout bags to customers. You may only supply a bag if:

  • You first ask customers whether they need a bag and they respond that they require one
  • The bag you provide to customers is a paper bag
  • Customers must pay for the bag. Businesses can set whatever price they feel is appropriate for these bags.

Customers should be allowed to use any reusable bag that they may already have, including bags from competitors.

Customer receiving purchases in a reusable bag

Are There Any Exceptions? 

You may still provide bags in the following situations if the bags do any of the following:

  • Package loose bulk items, such as fruit / vegetables, nuts, grains, or candy;
  • Package loose small hardware items such as nails and bolts;
  • Contain or wrap frozen foods, meat, poultry or fish;
  • Wrap flowers or potted plants;
  • Protect prepared foods or bakery goods that are not already packaged;
  • Contain prescription drugs received from a pharmacy;
  • Transport live fish;
  • Protect linens, bedding, or other similar large items that cannot easily fit in a reusable bag;
  • Protect newspapers or other printed material that may be left outside;
  • Protect clothes after laundering or dry cleaning;
  • Protect tires that cannot easily fit in a reusable bag;
  • Collect and dispose of animal waste

You may also provide a small paper bag at no charge for small purchases.


Contravening the new Plastic Bag Bylaw will result in a fine of $150. Any person who is charged with multiple or repeat offences under this Bylaw is liable to the following fines if found guilty under Part 3 of the Provincial Offences Act:

  • $500 for each day or part day that the offence continues, limited to $10,000
  • $500 for each offence in a case of multiple offences and the total of all fines for each included offence is limited to $10,000

For more information, view the Plastic Bag Bylaw.

We're Listening

We are interested to hear about what the switch away from plastic will mean for you at checkouts. What changes will you as a customer or a business need to take? What supports may be helpful? Let us know in the comments. We are ready for your feedback and we are listening.

Comments & Feedback

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