Town of Mono's COVID-19 Message Centre

Face Masks MUST Catch Small Droplets

This message from the Town of Mono was posted on 
November 10, 2020

We know that COVID-19 is a disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus.  What we are still learning is how this virus behaves.

At the beginning of the pandemic, Public Health believed that this virus was transmitted mainly by large droplets expressed from the mouth and nose during loud talking, sneezing and coughing, as well as by contact with infected surfaces.

To prevent large droplet spread, almost anything including a t-shirt over the mouth and nose was thought to provide some significant protection.  Further, these droplets, being somewhat heavy, rapidly fall to the ground a few metres from the infected person.

Two key facts have emerged that have changed our thinking about mask wearing:

  1. It is now clear that in the 2–3 days preceding a symptomatic infection, a person is usually highly contagious.  This implies each of us must consider that any apparently well person that we meet  may be in the silent stage of the infection and might transmit the virus to us.
  2. Small droplets are now recognized as an important means of disease transmission. These droplets (aerosols) are produced not only by forceful expiration of air from the mouth or nose but also by simple breathing.  They can remain suspended in the air for hours. Unfortunately, small droplets pass through cloth masks with ease.  

These facts have led to new mask recommendations by Dr. Tam, Canada's Chief Public Health Officer.  She recently announced that Covid-19, face masks for non-health care workers should be three layered with a middle layer of a blown material such as polypropylene.  Two layered cloth masks are not adequate for personal protection and for protection of your contacts.  The issue is the small respiratory droplets that carry the virus are not effectively trapped by just layers of fine cotton cloth.  A middle layer of nonwoven material placed between the mask’s inner and outer layers is effective at catching most of these Covid-19 bearing droplets.

This small droplet concept makes good sense as we know that there is increased chance of virus transmission in indoor spaces especially with poor ventilation. The fine droplets do not fall to the ground but continue to circulate in the air for hours.  Likely the concentration of them increases the longer an infected person is in the enclosed space.  This fact helps to explain the Covid-19 outbreaks that occur in indoor places where people congregate - including places of worship, bars, restaurants, cruise ships, and small social groups.

Example of an acceptable 3-layer face mask
Example of an acceptable three-layered face mask
Face mask taken apart to show 3 layers
Demonstration of the three layers of the mask
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Stream Signing Project for Town of Mono — Request for Public Comment

Council directed Staff to prepare and install signage that identifies the names of the Town’s rivers, streams and creeks.  This signage is to be placed at appropriate bridge and culvert sites throughout the town.

A committee consisting of the Director of Public Works, Mike Dunmore, and Councillor Ralph Manktelow was formed to make recommendations.

Background

Our Town is recognized and identified as the Headwaters of many creeks, streams and rivers. These waterways cross Town of Mono roads at bridges and culverts in 39 locations.  None of these crossings have identifying signage.    

Our waterways are one of the jewels of our natural environment and are a part of the essential character of our Town. We recognize that knowledge of the name of a waterway is an aid to understanding and appreciating our rural geography and history, and is an important step in raising awareness, and respecting our waterways.

An attempt to create signage in 2004 did not go forward and is now being renewed.

Work of Committee

All 39 streams, rivers and creek crossings were visited and assessed for their suitability for signage.

The primary reason for suggesting a crossing for signage is that the crossing was of sufficient size to be noticeable and that the stream was visible from the road. Using these criteria, twenty-nine waterway crossings were selected.

Identifying the correct names of waterways was a major part of this project. The sources used included: the Town’s records of the 2004 signing exercise, the advice of Fred Dobbs (NVCA), the advice of Noah Gaetz (TRCA), discussions with or information provided by long-time Mono residents, the local knowledge of Town Staff, and the mapping services of the Ministry of the Environment, Conservation and Parks.  As it was recognized that locally used names for waterways sometimes differed from official names, it is recommended that both names be used at these waterway sites, that is both the official and the locally used names.

We Need Your Help

There is controversy surrounding the correct name for some of the waterways. If you or anyone you know has historical insight into the names of any of the selected waterways, we want to hear from you! On this page, we have provided maps that are contextual to the waterways where we are looking to add signs. There is a spot to add alternative historical, current, or colloquial names.

With this project, we need your assistance to achieve two goals:

  1. Determine the correct name for the river/stream/creek/etc.
  2. Determine if any of the other 10 waterways not selected should be reconsidered for signage

Note: Please be aware that we are looking for the current or historical names of streams. We are not renaming the streams.

The survey closes September 15, 2020.

Nottawasaga River Flowing Under the Bridge at 5th Line EHS

Waterway Signing Survey

Please view the pictures & map below and use the intersections, roads, etc. for geographical context. There is a spot to fill in any alternative current, historical, or colloquial names of the rivers/streams/creeks/etc.

Personal information on this form is collected under the authority of the Municipal Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act and will be used for the purposes of collecting alternative names for waterways for potential inclusion in signage. Questions about this collection should be directed to the Clerk’s Office: ClerksOffice@townofmono.com, 347209 Mono Centre Road, Mono ON L9W 6S3, 519.941.3599.

Please fill out your contact your preferences: phone and/or email

Reference Map for All Waterways

29 Road Crossings Selected for Signage

Please provide a list of name corrections or alternatives in the fields. Please separate each name with a comma (,).

Graphic representation of a stream

10 Other Road Crossings Not Selected

Please provide a list of name corrections or alternatives in the fields. Please separate each name with a comma (,).

↑ Go Back to Reference Map

Are there any of the above "10 Other Road Crossings Not Selected", that you feel should be selected for signage. Please reference the stream number from the previous section. Provide one waterway per line and include the reason why you feel the additional waterways should be signed.

From what resources did you obtain the information? Please let us know if there would be an opportunity for the Town to examine the resources. If you are listing multiple resources, please list one resource per line.

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An Informational Guide to Town of Mono's New Checkout Bag Bylaw

Please select whether you are a Resident / Member of the General Public or a Business

Information for Residents

On January 1, 2021, you should no longer receive checkout bags from stores in Mono. You may only receive a bag if:

  • You are first asked whether you need a bag and you respond that you require one
  • The bag you receive is a paper bag
  • You must pay for the bag

Businesses must allow you to use any reusable bag that you may already have, including bags from competitors.

Woman receiving purchased products in reusable bag

Are There Any Exceptions? 

You may still receive bags in situations when the bag is being used to do any of the following:

  • Package loose bulk items, such as fruit / vegetables, nuts, grains, or candy;
  • Package loose small hardware items such as nails and bolts;
  • Contain or wrap frozen foods, meat, poultry or fish;
  • Wrap flowers or potted plants;
  • Protect prepared foods or bakery goods that are not already packaged;
  • Contain prescription drugs received from a pharmacy;
  • Transport live fish;
  • Protect linens, bedding, or other similar large items that cannot easily fit in a reusable bag;
  • Protect newspapers or other printed material that may be left outside;
  • Protect clothes after laundering or dry cleaning;
  • Protect tires that cannot easily fit in a reusable bag;
  • Collect and dispose of animal waste

You may also receive small paper bags at no charge for smaller purchases.

For more information, view the Plastic Bag Bylaw.

Remember Your Bags Graphic

Information for Businesses

On January 1, 2021, you should no longer provide checkout bags to customers. You may only supply a bag if:

  • You first ask customers whether they need a bag and they respond that they require one
  • The bag you provide to customers is a paper bag
  • Customers must pay for the bag. Businesses can set whatever price they feel is appropriate for these bags.

Customers should be allowed to use any reusable bag that they may already have, including bags from competitors.

Customer receiving purchases in a reusable bag

Are There Any Exceptions? 

You may still provide bags in the following situations if the bags do any of the following:

  • Package loose bulk items, such as fruit / vegetables, nuts, grains, or candy;
  • Package loose small hardware items such as nails and bolts;
  • Contain or wrap frozen foods, meat, poultry or fish;
  • Wrap flowers or potted plants;
  • Protect prepared foods or bakery goods that are not already packaged;
  • Contain prescription drugs received from a pharmacy;
  • Transport live fish;
  • Protect linens, bedding, or other similar large items that cannot easily fit in a reusable bag;
  • Protect newspapers or other printed material that may be left outside;
  • Protect clothes after laundering or dry cleaning;
  • Protect tires that cannot easily fit in a reusable bag;
  • Collect and dispose of animal waste

You may also provide a small paper bag at no charge for small purchases.

Penalties

Contravening the new Plastic Bag Bylaw will result in a fine of $150. Any person who is charged with multiple or repeat offences under this Bylaw is liable to the following fines if found guilty under Part 3 of the Provincial Offences Act:

  • $500 for each day or part day that the offence continues, limited to $10,000
  • $500 for each offence in a case of multiple offences and the total of all fines for each included offence is limited to $10,000

For more information, view the Plastic Bag Bylaw.

We're Listening

We are interested to hear about what the switch away from plastic will mean for you at checkouts. What changes will you as a customer or a business need to take? What supports may be helpful? Let us know in the comments. We are ready for your feedback and we are listening.


Comments & Feedback

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